The Whole Food Plant-Based Diet 

Under the umbrella of a 'plant-based' diet, there are many different dietary styles which vary widely in their composition. Based on the available scientific evidence, I recommend a whole food plant-based (WFPB) diet, which consists of minimally-processed, whole plant foods. 


A WFPB diet includes:

  • Fruits

  • Vegetables

  • Legumes (also known as pulses, such as chickpeas and lentils)

  • Nuts and seeds

  • Whole grains and their products

But excludes:

  • Meat and fish

  • Dairy products

  • Refined oils, including coconut oil

  • Refined sugars

  • Highly-processed foods

Is a WFPB diet a vegan diet?

A WFPB diet is different to veganism.

While people who follow a WFPB diet are essentially on a vegan diet, they may not exclude animal products from their lifestyle, and as such, would not identify as vegan. Veganism is an ethical philosophy which seeks to eliminate the use of animal products from the diet and lifestyle. 

Conversely, many vegan foods which are highly-processed, such as vegan cheeses and mock meats, are not included on a WFPB diet.